Malawi uses eCCM app to combat child mortality
In Malawi, Health Surveillance Assistant’s (HSA’s) serve as a link between the the local community and the national healthcare system. They make use of the WHO and UNICEF community case management (CCM) clinical decision tool to identify those requiring urgent referral to hospitals and those who can be treated at the local points-of-care before going back home. The Supporting LIFE project has created an mhealth app that replicates this CCM tool to ease decision-making and workload for HSA’s.
The app supports a similar workflow to the paper-based CCM tool, allowing the HSA to enter patient information on an easy to use touch-screen interface. It’s developed for the Android platform and is functional in an offline environment, making it ideal for countries like Malawi, where internet connectivity is a problem. Power was also an issue during the Malawi pilot, so HSA’s were also provided with mini solar powered chargers for their devices.
During the pilot 3 indicators were measured to assess the potential impact of the app;Improvement in the number of children correctly referred to a health facility as a result of using the app.Increased attendance rates, as a result of correct referrals made by HAS’s using the app; andDecreased re-consultation rates through correct diagnosis and referral from the app
The results of the pilot were presented at an mHealth strategy workshop and provided the health ministry and key policy makers with valuable data to improve the health systems in Malawi. HSA’s using the app reported mostly positive responses.
While such projects offer great community benefits and health system improvements, further assessment is needed around the feasibility of scaling nationally, as well as integration with core systems like the DHIS2.
- 146 views
- April 24, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
Apple health app stores personal medical information
Giving patients access to their medical records is an increasing priority. It can help them to manage their conditions and comply with medication and treatment requirements
Apple is determined to make people’s lives easier. It’s created a new app that people can use on their iPhones to access, view and store their medical records on their person. Data on the app includes; allergies, test results, prescription drug list, immunization records or general health histories. Patients can also add files to the menu, provided they comply with Clinical Documented Architecture (CDA).
Medical records information’s transmitted electronically from participating providers to patients’ iPhones. It needs patients to opt into the service via the health app and be able to browse through their data as well as receive new notifications when updated.
Jeff Williams, Apple’s chief Operating Officer (COO), assures that the app’s data is password protected an encrypted. It even denies Apple access to the information unless it is shared by patients.
An announcement by Apple says patients with multiple chronic conditions will probably have considerable benefit.
There’s a tricky bit about portals and patients accessing their medical records. A study reported on eHNA found for some patients, access made no difference to their health outcomes compared to patients who didn’t have access.
- 357 views
- March 22, 2018
- Nontobeko Shabangu
An HIV-free future: improving adherence to antiretroviral treatment
It is common knowledge that HIV and AIDS has long been an overwhelming challenge in Africa. East and sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected region in the world. Statistics indicate that at least 19.4 million people are living with HIV in this part of the continent. South Africa alone has the biggest HIV epidemic in the world with 7.1 million people living with HIV. In 2016, there were at least 270 000 new infections and 110 000 AIDS-related deaths in the country.
These statistics are worrying, but there is hope. It is estimated that 61% of adults and 51% of children in East and Southern Africa are on anti-retroviral therapy (ART). Antiretroviral medications (ARVs) are life-saving drugs that have turned HIV into a manageable chronic condition. The disease is no longer a death-sentence and when HIV-positive people take their ARVs responsibly and strictly.
Adherence to ART is often an overlooked issue despite its incredible importance. In order for an HIV-positive person to achieve an effective level of viral suppression, adherence to ARVs needs to be more than 95%. This means that there is very little room for those living with HIV to skip their ARVs.
Remembering when to take medication on time can be challenging for many reasons. People use different methods to remind themselves, but in most cases, these methods are not always reliable or effective.
MyTherapy, a medication reminder and health tracker app designed in Germany, is an effective and easy-to-use app that has been proven to raise adherence levels significantly. In a short space of time, the app has improved adherence by over 45% and currently has over 500,000 users.
While the app’s main function is to help its users keep track of their medication intake, it has also been designed to improve their overall health and sense of wellbeing. Users can record important measurements, like blood pressure and weight, and track their symptoms, and for those living with HIV, the app allows users to enter lab-results data, such as blood tests, kidney-function tests and viral load.
The app is easy-to-use and all users have to do is enter the relevant data and set alarm times. The app is designed to handle complex medication regimens, perfect for ART which requires multiple medication intake per day, and all recorded data can be printed out at the end of each month in easy-to-read graphs, which is useful for the user’s doctor. Furthermore, while the app does rely on self-efficacy and self-discipline, users can invite family and friends on the app to help them stick to their treatment plans, ensuring that various parties are involved to promote adherence further. MyTherapy also takes data protection and privacy seriously, and users also have the option to use a passcode to prevent others from accessing the app and seeing personal data.
ARVs are exceptional drugs that have changed the face of HIV and AIDS forever. There is potential for an HIV-free future, only if those living with the virus are responsible and take their ART strictly.
Knowledge of HIV/AIDS is continuously expanding. Information in the article's taken from Avert and the NCBI.
- 424 views
- March 19, 2018
- Tracey Ruff
Three mHealth apps help with treatment adherence
Adherence to medication is an increasing problem in primary health care in Africa. It is important for many things, from birth control to antibiotics to ARTs. When medications are forgotten or skipped, most treatments are no longer as effective. This becomes both costly for the healthcare system and detrimental to a patient’s health.
Factors impacting adherence are multifaceted and include social, economic and psychological motives. A sub-Saharan study in 2017 reported the most common barriers to adherence were;ForgettingLack of access to adequate foodStigma and discriminationSide-effects of the medicationTraveling
With the uptake of smartphones in Africa, mHealth apps targeting treatment adherence could be a simple solution. Here are the top 3 downloaded treatment adherence apps on Google Play Store.
This app turns patient education into an adventure game and shows patients the importance of sticking to a treatment schedule.
In addition to medication reminders, this app will notify friends and family if the user defaults. Medisafe also launched a low-tech version that sends reminders through automated phone calls and text messages.
After logging their medications on the MyTherapy app, users will receive reminders and alerts to take their medications. Other features on the app include symptom tracking, healthy lifestyle tips and friends and family support groups.
Improved adherence means a healthier society and ultimately, a reduced burden on healthcare systems. Moreover, access to adherence data from these apps could help doctors and policy makers make better informed decisions about how to improve the healthcare system.
- 470 views
- March 01, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
Kenya introduces an ePharmacy app
MyDawa is an eHealth platform that allows consumers to purchase medications and other health and wellness products via a mobile application. The platform was launched to the Kenyan market in March 2017 and has already attracted more than 30 000 registered users.
After downloading the app from the Play Store or App Store, registered users can simply search medications they require, upload a medial prescription if necessary, add to their cart and proceed to payment. Once the order is completed, medications and products purchased will be delivered to the consumer at their convenience. Purchases that require a prescription are verified by a pharmacist before dispensing to the consumer’s mobile cart.
The MyDawa solution allows customers to gain the advantage of having increased transparency, convenience and affordability. Products sold on the MyDawa app are 40% below the market price, and even 3rd party products are sold 20% cheaper than usual. The app’s popularity in Kenya is driven by rising healthcare costs and value conscious consumers. Payment on the app is made simple and allows consumers to pay via M-Pesa.
This a great example in Africa that emphasizes the need for healthcare vendors to continue to embrace disruption in the industry, to become more efficient, to lower costs, increase accessibility to healthcare and provide patient-centric care.
- 439 views
- February 20, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
mHealth sigue expandiéndose, pero África y Sudamérica están detrás
El mercado de mHealth ha estado creciendo constantemente y se mantendrá. En su informe “mHealth App Economics 2017 Current Status and Future Trends in Mobile Health”, Research2Guidance (R2G), una empresa de asesoramiento de estrategia e investigación de mercado, evalúa cómo los intrusos digitales se están apropiando del mercado de la salud.
Este año, hay 325,000 aplicaciones de salud y acondicionamiento físico disponibles en todas las principales tiendas de aplicaciones. Son 78,000 más que el año pasado.
La mayoría de los profesionales de eHealth vienen de Europa, 47% y 36% de los EE. UU., Un 83% combinado. Asia-Pacífico representa el 11%. Sudamérica y África están en el 4% y 2% respectivamente, lo que confirma la necesidad de un mayor desarrollo de capacidad humana.
Otros hallazgos incluyen:Android adelanta a Apple en los números de aplicaciones de salud84,000 editores de aplicaciones de salud lanzan aplicacionesAmpliación de la demanda y la brecha de oferta, con un alto número de desarrolladores y bajas tasas de crecimiento de las descargasInversión de US $ 5.4bn en empresas de eSalud que abastecen al mercadoLos usuarios descargarán aproximadamente 3.6bn de aplicaciones en 201718% no está desarrollando aplicaciones de salud debido a regulaciones inciertas53% de los profesionales de eHealth esperan que los seguros de salud sean el canal de distribución futuro con el mejor potencial de mercado.
Dos tipos de aplicaciones pueden tener un gran impacto en la atención médica. La Inteligencia Artificial (IA) es vista como la tecnología más disruptiva. Se considera que la combinación con el monitoreo remoto es la tecnología que más perturbará la atención médica. El perfil:AI 61% Monitoreo remota y asistencia 43% Wearables 34% IoT 30% Realidad virtual e inteligencia 27% Impresión 3D 22% Blockchain 18% 5G 8% Otro 5%.
Parece que hay una oportunidad para que los sistemas de salud de África respalden y amplíen su oferta de aplicaciones de salud local.
- 178 views
- January 23, 2018
- Matt Jones
eHealth Africa pilots AVADAR to track Toward Polio Eradication progress
In response to the reported cases of wild poliovirus in Nigeria, eHealth Africa (eHA) partnered with Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the WHO, and Novel-T to pilot a mobile surveillance app for Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) in children. It’s a condition of a rapid onset of weakness of people’s extremities, and includes Guillain-Barré syndrome. AFP often causes weakness of respiration and swallowing muscles, progressing to maximum severity within one to ten days.
WHO defines AFP surveillance as six goals:Track wild poliovirus circulationUse data to classify cases as confirmed, polio-compatible or discardedMonitor routine coverage and surveillance performance using standard indicators in all geographical areas and focus efforts in ones that are low-performingMonitor seasonality to determine low season of poliovirus transmissions to help to plan National Immunisation Days (NID)Identify high-risk areas to plan mop-up immunisation campaignsProvide evidence to certification commissions of interruptions of wild poliovirus circulation.
Standard indicators are:>90% of expected monthly reports>1/1000,000 annualised non-polio AFP rate per 100,000 children under 15>80% of AFP cases investigated within 48 hours>80% of AFP cases with two adequate stool specimens collected 24-48 hours apart and less than 14 days after onset>80% of specimens arriving at laboratories in good condition>80% of specimens arriving at a WHO-accredited laboratories within three days of despatch>80% of specimens for which laboratories’ results sent within 28 day turn round.
AFP surveillance’s one of four cornerstone strategies of polio eradication. The objective’s to identify all cases of polio through a system that targets any case of AFP as a potential case of polio. AVADAR’s a surveillance tool on android mobile devices provided to health workers and community informants. It aids AFP detection and reporting both in health facilities and local communities.
- 291 views
- December 06, 2017
- Lesley Dobson
Mobicure wins World Expo grant
A Nigerian eHealth start-up Mobicure has won an Expo Live grant. An article in Disrupt Africa says it
OMOMI application, which helps expectant mothers and parents of under-five-year-olds monitor the wellbeing of their children from home. The award’s up to US$100,000, made available incrementally depending on progress and results.
OMOMI’s a mobile platform. At the touch of a button, mothers can easily monitor their children’s health, access life-saving maternal and child health information and medical expertise. It was launched in Benin City in 2015 and now has 31,000 users with over 4,000 active monthly users. In the last nine months, it’s seen a 450% rise in users. The Expo Live grant will help it achieve three more goals. One’s an expanded reach to more families. Another’s adding more features and health information. The third’s promoting OMOMI to more parents in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Emirates is delighted to host the next World Expo, in Dubai in 2020. Will another African eHealth start-up succeed there?
- 440 views
- November 14, 2017
- Matt Jones
Will the mHealth app market expand by 2020?
Despite the hype around mHealth apps, the global mHealth app market is still niche. A report, mHealth App Market Sizing 2015 – 2020, by Research2Guidance believes it’ll change drastically over the next two years or so as mHealth app publishers refine their business models. Traditional apps store revenue sources like paid downloads, in-app purchase and in-app advertisement won’t be big enough to support the growing number of mHealth app publishers.
The report focuses mainly on rich high-income clients, such as those in China, USA and France, all of which are in the top ten major country markets. Not surprisingly, no African country ranks in the top ten. This doesn’t mean that it’s not relevant for African countries.
The report has five main parts:
1. Current market size, with current mHealth market sizing in terms of app numbers, app downloads and app store revenues for all mHealth apps or by app category and identifying key app segments according to their current reach
2. Country mHealth markets, reviewing the mHealth app markets of 56 countries. profiling ten countries which currently offer the best market potential for mHealth app publishers and information about the country mHealth app market characteristics, such as which platform leads in the country and required download numbers to enter a top five ranking position
3. Seventeen mHealth business models, describing of mHealth app publishers’ performance, their different monetisation strategies and the most commonly used business models for mHealth apps and examples of best practice
4. Top mHealth app publishers, with their background and performance for the Health&Fitness and Medical app section and lists and descriptions of current, most successful Health&Fitness and Medical app publishers, analysing their product portfolios and performance
5. mHealth market forecasts, with estimated market size and revenue until 2020, with a detailed outlook on the demand and supply side of the mHealth app market, forecasting the number of mHealth app users, their platform preference and the number of downloads.
Analysts, mHealth decision makers, mHealth app publishers and investors can all benefit from the insights in the report. It looks at important trends that African countries implementing mHealth solutions should be aware of.
- 409 views
- September 25, 2017
- Lesley Dobson
Discover Africa’s plethora of eHealth opportunities at eHealthAFRO 2017 Use-case Bazaar
Industry stakeholders are realising the opportunity for eHealth to help expand access to healthcare resources, improve patient outcomes, and increase efficiency of healthcare services. The eHealth space in Africa is experiencing an explosion of new ideas and technologies, which the eHealthAFRO 2017 conference will showcase. It takes place at Emperors Palace from 2-4 October 2017.
Afternoon use-case bazaars on Tuesday and Wednesday will allow conference participants to explore 48 new ideas and technologies. These sessions will feature compelling eHealth solutions and implementations. The use-case bazaar themes extend from the conference theme: eHealth for Universal Health Care (eH4UHC) and includes mobile apps and devices, eHealth systems and architecture, and eHealth use-cases demonstrating on-the-ground successes.
Participating organizations include HISP-SA, UCT's CIDER, Jembi Health Systems, SANAC's Focus for Impact project, the AitaHealth assisted community outreach project, HPCSA’s new eLogbook for interns and many more.
See the expanding list on the eHealthAFRO website. Don’t miss this opportunity to engage with industry leaders, share your ideas and keep abreast of eHealth developments in Southern Africa.
If you or your organization have an interesting eHealth solution or project, let it be shown where Africa meets for eHealth. There are still a few open slots for organizations that would like the opportunity to showcase their eHealth idea or technology. For more on this opportunity, contact the eHealthAFRO organizing committee here.
- 752 views
- September 06, 2017
- Ameera Hamid
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